Roughly half a million years ago, in the Ionian region of Sicily, in the immense gulf that extended between the Peloritani and Iblei mountains, the first eruptive manifestations of Mount Etna (known as Mons-Gebel, "the mountain par excellence" to the Arabs) took place. Evidence of these early eruptions can still be found in the areas of Aci Castello, Aci Trezza, and Ficarazzi. The plant life on Mount Etna is characterized by a combination of factors, with the volcanic nature of the mountain playing a predominant role. The flora of the Park is extremely diverse and rich, shaping the landscape with continuous and rapid changes.
On August 14, 1987, the Etna Park Authority was established, becoming the first park to be instituted in Sicily.
Etna is a fundamental element of the Bronte region, defining its morphology and distinctive colors.
What stands out in this part of Sicily is the dark color of the soil and the stone that were once used for constructing local buildings, which remains a characteristic feature of local craftsmanship.
According to history, around the 8th century BC, the Siculi and Sicani were the first inhabitants of the area, while in the 9th century AD, the island was occupied by the Arabs, of which the introduction of the pistachio plant still has great importance for the economy of Bronte today.
The establishment of the Municipality of Bronte is dated 1535 when Charles V united the 24 existing hamlets into a single territorial entity called "Bronte." During the Bourbon domination, two significant events occurred: in October 1778, the construction of the Capizzi College was completed, one of the most vibrant cultural centers on the entire island; on January 20, 1800, the King of Naples, Ferdinand I, donated the Abbey of Maniace to the English admiral Horatio Nelson, naming him "Duke of Bronte" as a reward for the assistance received during the revolt of the Neapolitan Republic.
The presence of the heirs of the English admiral was one of the causes of the intensification of social tensions that led to the infamous "Fatti di Bronte" in 1860.
Today, the town has approximately 20,000 inhabitants and is one of the economically most active centers in the area. The local economy is based on a vibrant
The local economy is based on a vibrant entrepreneurial network but is also characterized by the agricultural footprint and the economic impact derived from pistachio cultivation.