Roughly half a million years ago, in the Ionian region of Sicily, in the immense gulf that extended between the Peloritani and Iblei mountains, the first eruptive manifestations of Mount Etna (known as Mons-Gebel, "the mountain par excellence" to the Arabs) took place. Evidence of these early eruptions can still be found in the areas of Aci Castello, Aci Trezza, and Ficarazzi. The plant life on Mount Etna is characterized by a combination of factors, with the volcanic nature of the mountain playing a predominant role. The flora of the Park is extremely diverse and rich, shaping the landscape with continuous and rapid changes.
On August 14, 1987, the Etna Park Authority was established, becoming the first park to be instituted in Sicily.
Etna is a fundamental element of the Bronte region, defining its morphology and distinctive colors.
What stands out in this part of Sicily is the dark color of the soil and the stone that were once used for constructing local buildings, which remains a characteristic feature of local craftsmanship.